Constitutional Violations and Loss of Dignity the Result of Mass Incarceration Crisis

For Immediate Release: Feb. 19, 2019
Contact: Heidi Uhing, Communications Director, 402-476-8091 ext. 104, huhing@aclunebraska.org

LINCOLN, Neb - Today the ACLU of Nebraska, the ACLU National Prison Project, Nebraska Appleseed, the National Association of the Deaf, and the law firms DLA Piper and Rosen Bien Galvan & Grunfeld LLP filed a motion for class certification in Sabata v. Nebraska Department of Correctional Services. The case asserts that extreme overcrowding in Nebraska prisons has led to violations of the constitutional rights of the people who are incarcerated within them, including: lack of adequate medical, mental health, and dental care; overuse of solitary confinement; and failure to provide appropriate accommodations for prisoners who are blind, deaf, hard of hearing or have other disabilities.

Nebraska’s prison system is one of the most overcrowded in the nation. The entire system is at approximately 160 percent of its design capacity, with individual prisons approaching 200 or even 300 percent of capacity. The intake facility currently maintains a population which is more than 330 percent of its design capacity.

New data from the fourth quarter of 2018 also point to significant racial disparities. Almost 28 percent of people in Nebraska prisons are Black, though just four percent of the state population identifies that way. Similarly, 14 percent are Latinx, though just 9 percent of Nebraskans are.

“Nebraska remains an extreme outlier in terms of overcrowding, staff shortages and dangerously inadequate systems of medical and mental health care,” said David Fathi, director of the ACLU National Prison Project. “The level of overcrowding in Nebraska prisons today is comparable to that in California in 2011, when the U.S. Supreme Court found that overcrowding had made adequate medical and mental health care impossible and created unsanitary and unsafe conditions. The court ordered California to reduce this overcrowding, as it made constitutional violations unavoidable.”

The Nebraska prison system cannot provide even minimally humane conditions for incarcerated people. These violations disproportionately impact the system’s most vulnerable prisoners, particularly those with mental and medical health needs as well as those with disabilities.

“Prison systems are too often completely inaccessible to deaf and hard of hearing people, as well as people with other disabilities,” said Howard A. Rosenblum, Esq., CEO of the National Association of the Deaf. “Nebraska's prisons, given their numerous systemic problems and failures to provide any semblance of access, are even more oppressive for this population. Deaf and hard of hearing people are often singled out by prison staff for not following orders that they never heard at all or clearly. Yet, these people are punished for such 'violations' that arise from the lack of accessibility. Nebraska needs to overhaul how it imprisons persons who are deaf or hard of hearing, as well as all people with disabilities.”

“The conditions in Nebraska’s prisons aren’t just unconstitutional, they actually obstruct the stated goal of rehabilitating the people they incarcerate,” said Michael Bien, co-founding partner at Rosen Bien Galvan & Grunfeld. “When people are not provided access to basic treatment, programs, and activities necessary for their rehabilitation, it actually perpetuates a cycle of mass incarceration that corrections are intended to deter.”

“This case is about racial justice, disability rights, mass incarceration and identifying solutions to effectively address our shared public safety goals that won’t bankrupt Nebraska taxpayers,” said Danielle Conrad, executive director of the ACLU of Nebraska. “The vast majority of incarcerated Nebraskans will return home to our communities and we need to work together to ensure they have access to treatment, programming and basic services so they can be productive members of society and ease taxpayer burdens.”

“People with mental health needs are experiencing undue trauma because of woefully deficient care, including delayed and denied treatment,” said Robert McEwen, legal director for Nebraska Appleseed. “People’s pleas for help managing their serious mental health conditions have gone unanswered, while others have been improperly medicated or moved to solitary confinement, where the isolation exacerbated their suffering. This is an urgent crisis that’s already had grave consequences for human beings struggling with mental illness."

The class certification filing documents are available here.

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For over 50 years in Nebraska, the ACLU has worked in courts, legislatures, and communities to protect the constitutional and individual rights of all people. With a nationwide network of offices and millions of members and supporters, we take up the toughest civil liberties fights. Beyond one person, party, or side — we the people dare to create a more perfect union. Learn more at www.aclunebraska.org

Nebraska Appleseed is a nonprofit organization that fights for justice and opportunity for all Nebraskans. We take a systemic approach to complex issues – such as child welfare, immigration policy, affordable health care and poverty – and we take our work wherever we believe we can do the most good, whether that’s in the courthouse, at the Capitol, or in the community. www.neappleseed.org

The National Association of the Deaf (NAD) is the nation’s premier civil rights organization of, by and for deaf and hard of hearing individuals in the United States of America. The NAD represents the estimated 48 million Americans who are deaf or hard of hearing and is based in Silver Spring, Maryland. www.nad.org

DLA Piper is a global law firm with lawyers located in more than 40 countries throughout the Americas, Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Asia Pacific, positioning us to help clients with their legal needs around the world. In certain jurisdictions, this information may be considered attorney advertising. www.dlapiper.com

Rosen Bien Galvan & Grunfeld LLP counsels and represents clients across the nation and handles disputes in federal and state trial and appellate courts throughout California and nationwide. RBGG regularly handles high profile cases that move and shape public policy. rbgg.com

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